Tujia people have settled in Xiangxi and Hubei western area two thousand years ago. They call themselves "BiZiKa", which means the locals. Tujia people are skilled in singing and dancing. They are mainly distributed in zhangjiajie, Hunan province and xiangxi tujia and miao autonomous prefecture, Yongshun, Longshan, Baojing, Jishou, LuXi county, and Enshi in Hubei province and live with the Han, Miao and so on. In the long-term labor life of tujia people, they create brilliant national art culture. The ancient "waving dance" is the most expressive folk dance of tujia people.
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Waving dance, tujia language is called "sheba”, spread widely and has different name. Someone called it "shebaa day" or "shebaa endowment", means of cutting or play wave. Someone called it "shebaa”, which means waving. Someone called it "shebaa camel", which means jump wave. Most of them called it "jumping year" (in Chinese), but there are basically the same form and content. When they celebrate the New Year to commemorate ancestors or reunion, the tujia people will have "waving dance".

Tujia waving dance "has a long history. In Yongshun suburban stone engraved with a poem, it is written in ancient China. In "Tima" (tujia language leader, a group of waving dance leader) recite narrative epic "migration" of tujia people, there are several references to waving dance. It is said that the migration of tujia people the five dynasties ago. All this shows that the time of tujia waving dance lasts at least more than thousands of years.

Knowledge about Waving dance
Waving dance is a kind of large-scale dance of tujia people. According to the size of its activities, it is divided into "big wave", "small wave"; According to its dance style, it is divided into "single direction wave", "double direction wave", "swing wave", etc. According to the time, it is divided into "January hall", "February hall", "March hall", " May hall", " June hall" etc.
  
Large-scale waving dance activity is majority to memory eight great gods and shows Human origins, migrations and resisting foreign invaders and farming activities, etc. Small waving dance activity is on a smaller scale, which is in order to sacrifice Peng duke, Lord, old Xiang officers, Tian men and host around this area. The part of performances is farming activities.Tujia big waving dance activity is very lively, described as a Tusi, which is blessing as one poem. Large-scale waving dance is held in the "waving dance hall". In the central, there is eight kings and his wife. And a high 14 m flagpole stands in the center, both sides of the flagpole are flags pictured dragon. At  the top of the flagpole, there a crane is ready to fly.According to the traditions, large-scale waving dances activity will be held in January 9th to 11th every three years. At that time each village will be in accordance with the last name or family room of wave as "row". Each "row" is a wave team and numbered. There are wave team, sacrifice, flag, band, armour, firecrackers.
 
The first team is Longfeng flag team. The flags are dyed with red, blue, white, yellow and four-color silk fabric made from all around the color of triangle flag. The flag is long for one feet, with shaped cockscomb lace in the margin. With the white dragon flag and red phoenix for the first one lead the team to walk in the forefront.The second team is a worship team, insisted on the respected host elders, as many as 20 people. They dressed in a black gown, holding a flag, god knife, props, such as the drum stick a honour person carrying on an "fu" word, led by bearing grain, prey, taking BaBa, picking up tofu and other offerings. They will sacrifice at the same time, singing worship songs. Behind the team, men or women and children can participate in. All of them are dress in for special cloth and hold the barrel or evergreen branches in their hands respectively. Following is the flag team. Every door side is colorful. There are rectangle and triangle also with decorated falbala. They are sacrifice “eight kings” in order to return for their kindness. Next is the band team, armour team, firecrackers team. All of them are equipped two drums drum soil, wild horn, etc. to celebrate the family holiday in the unique melody.Armour team is made up of five variegation rotten "Sealand kapp" of young adults. Tujia people are nature of strong, energetic. At every performance they are dancing for showing of their power and grandeur.Fireworks team consists of three eye spear and spear for birds. According to above procedure, it is arranged into the motioning with his hand and sweeping into the hall after the first time and the nerves times. The master hold a broom strongly condemned the "measurement errors, output with positive measurement errors, little catty lacks two" exploiters in a high sound. With moral iron broom cleaning those "heart harm, line steal sexual abuse" of the traitor, the fully show is the tujia expression to detest evil, purity, kind of virtue.After the sacrifice, they make three rings to privilege and jiggled people dance. The whole progress is cheerful. Under the command of the master, with his dance moving neatly, sometimes they dance in single-direction and sometimes in double-direction. With the time going, a beautiful dance, action will show in a flexible straightforward and bold way. Waving dance content respectively show the national migration, hunting , such as farming grade woven rich national characteristics and the art of life picture scroll.
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Popular Place Of Waving Dance
The small-scale is one of the popular culture activities in tujia residential area. It has been popular with every tujia settled place and in small size. As long as there is a small village near and there is a small temple for the king of near area, it can be held. It is always priority to simulate a farming labor. In the past, as long as there are waving dance performances, there are a row of buildings, structures for viewing.
 
The large is major for several counties'party. There are large ground and temple. Especially at the season of waving dance, people around will dress-in and get together here to participate it. Because of the tujia people live in a different area, the first name is different, so the reaction to the ancestors and to build the temple of the shrine is different also.Such as one of villages in Longshan county, it is said that the ancestor of Tian is hero and eight brothers are generals .So the futurity built eight grand temples to memory them. The whole is pointed for three nights: the first night is hosted by "Tima" to sacrifice ancestor. The next night is that the youths of village wear hand-knitted colorful brocade as the armor of the elders, holding the knife, gun, flag and so on for performance. The third genius began to jump "waving dance". And in yongshun county, there are many people of seven villages here to sacrifice. Burning with long torch lighting on a wide flat, ”Tima” will host it. MAO goose will perform it. (" MAO goose "is performers sing simple dialect opera and they are with straw and head a few root grass braid.) Performance is divided into five nights, the first night performance is for singing the December song; The second night is for hunting; The third night is for fishing; The fourth night performance is for meeting the bride; The fifth night performance is teaching “Mao goose” reading. People’ actions of dance simulate the interesting actions in real life. Sometimes they sing folk songs or love songs.
 
 

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